It's far too east to get lost in terminology. The Swipeclock HR Glossary is here to help you stay fluent and up-to-date with current terms and ideas in the world of human resources.
Americans With Disabilities Act (ADA)What is the Americans With Disabilities Act?
The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) was signed into law on July 26, 1990 by President George H.W. Bush. The ADA is one of the broadest and most comprehensive pieces of civil rights legislation passed in the late 20th Century. The Act was(...) Read More
Applicant Tracking SystemWhat is an applicant tracking system?
Applicant tracking systems, also known as applicant tracking software (ATS), are types of human resources (HR) software that automate hiring and onboarding processes. The acronym ATS is used in the industry for both the singular and the plural. Applicant(...) Read More
AttritionWhat is attrition?
When a company's workforce is reduced during a specific period—usually one year—it is known as attrition. Attrition includes all separations from the organization, including resignations, terminations and retirements. If a person is replaced, the separation does not count(...) Read More
Background CheckWhat is a background check?
A background check is a vetting process for prospective employees, where an employer or third-party service investigates a job candidate’s past. The areas of inquiry differ from job role to job role and industry to industry, but they may include criminal history,(...) Read More
Benefits AdministrationWhat is Benefits Administration?
Benefits administration (also called benefits management) is the process of creating and managing a benefits program. It requires researching types of benefits and providers, defining eligibility, working with providers and putting systems in place for(...) Read More
Churn RateWhat is churn rate?
A company’s churn rate is the rate at which employees leave the organization. This includes both turnover and attrition. All of these terms refer to the number of employees who leave the organization during a specified period of time, generally a year. (Note that the term(...) Read More
Diversity HiringWhat is diversity hiring?
Diversity hiring refers to the practice of organizations recruiting individuals from underrepresented groups. Workplace diversity refers to a staff demographic makeup that includes members of underrepresented groups similar in proportion to the society at large. For(...) Read More
EEO Reporting (Equal Employment Opportunity Component 1)What is EEO-1 Reporting?
The Equal Employment Opportunity (EEO) Component 1 report is a mandatory annual compilation of demographics that requires all private sector employers with 100 or more employees, and federal contractors with 50 or more employees meeting certain criteria, to collect(...) Read More
Employee OnboardingWhat is employee onboarding?
Onboarding is the process of bringing new hires up to speed and into the organization, which is essential to a successful integration. A well-executed onboarding program ensures that new employees are productive and safe from the first day on the job.
Benefits of(...) Read More
Employee RetentionHow can employers improve employee retention?
Employee retention is a business stability measurement. It is calculated by totaling the number of people employed at each point in time, then dividing that number by the total number of employees at the start of the period. In other words, it(...) Read More
Employee TurnoverWhat is employee turnover?
Employee turnover rates measure the number of employees who leave a company voluntarily or involuntarily within a year. The U.S. Bureau of Statistics reports that the average turnover rate in the United States is about 12% to 15% annually.
Factors that can cause(...) Read More
Employer BrandingWhat is employer branding?
Employer branding is the process of cultivating a positive reputation to attract and retain talented employees.
The corporate brand is the public’s perception of a company, while the employer brand is the public’s perception of the experience of working for the(...) Read More
Hiring ManagerWhat is a hiring manager?
The hiring manager hires new employees to fill open positions in for-profit, non-profit or governmental organizations. Hiring managers are typically people from the department in which the new employee will work. They may serve as the new employee’s supervisor once(...) Read More
Hiring ProcessesWhat are hiring processes?
Hiring processes include the specific tasks necessary to source, attract, process, screen, qualify and hire talent. These tasks include:
Creating a job requisition process
Writing job descriptions
Posting jobs to job boards, careers pages, and social(...) Read More
Job BoardWhat is a job board?
Job boards are websites that typically serve as search engines for jobs. They allow employers to post open positions, and they allow individuals to review the postings and apply for jobs. Some job boards specialize in specific industries, regions, or roles. Others have a(...) Read More
Job DescriptionWhat is a job description?
A job description is a formal listing of an employee's specific responsibilities and important details about the position.
A good job description will:
Define the job responsibilities
Reduce the applicant pool to those who qualify
Introduce the(...) Read More
RecruitingWhat is recruiting?
Human resources recruiting is the process of finding and hiring talented employees. Recruiting includes tasks such as sourcing, attracting, screening, and offering jobs to high-quality candidates.
Recruiting may involve the following tasks:
Developing an elegant(...) Read More
Talent AcquisitionWhat is talent acquisition?
Talent acquisition refers to the HR functions necessary to source, attract, process, screen, qualify and hire talent. They include:
Developing a hiring plan
Developing an elegant candidate acquisition program
Writing job descriptions
Posting jobs to(...) Read More
Video Interview SoftwareWhat is video interview software?
Video interview software allows hiring managers to conduct video interviewing online. Video interviewing is the practice of conducting a remote job interview. Video interviews are conducted over the internet and allow businesses to interview candidates in(...) Read More
WOTCWhat is the Work Opportunity Tax Credit (WOTC)?
The Work Opportunity Tax Credit (WOTC) rewards businesses that hire individuals from certain target groups. These are people who experience barriers to employment, so by incentivizing businesses to hire them, both the business and the individual(...) Read More